Hazard statements

Safety data sheet knowledge base – Hazard statements

EN I DE I FR I ES I IT I PL I CS I RO I SL I SK I HU

Hazard and Precautionary statements are codified using a unique alphanumerical code which consists of one letter and three numbers, as follows:

  • the letter “H” (for “hazard statement”) or “P” (for “precautionary statement”). Please note that hazard statements carried through from DSD and DPD, but which are not included in the GHS are codified as “EUH”;
  • a digit designating the type of hazard, e.g. ”2” for physical hazards; and
  • two numbers corresponding to the sequential numbering of hazards such as explosivity (codes from 200 to 210), flammability (codes from 220 to 230), etc.

Your labels must also bear the relevant hazard statements describing the nature and severity of the hazards of your substance or mixture (CLP Article 21).

The hazard statements relevant for each specific hazard classification are set out in the tables contained in parts 2 to 5 of Annex I to CLP. If a substance classification is harmonised and included in Part 3 of Annex VI to CLP, the corresponding hazard statement relevant for this classification must be used on the label, together with any other hazard statement for a non-harmonised classification.

Annex III to CLP lists the correct wording of the hazard statements as they should appear on the labels. The hazard statements of one language must be grouped together with the precautionary statements of the same language on the label.

 

The revised list of hazard statements contains the new or modified statements, highlighted in red, that, according to the Commission Regulation (EU) No 2019/521, are applicable from 17 October 2020.

 

Hazard statements

In force from 17 October 2020

 

H200 – Unstable explosives.

H201 – Explosive; mass explosion hazard.

H202 – Explosive, severe projection hazard.

H203 – Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard.

H204 – Fire or projection hazard.

H205 – May mass explode in fire.

H206 – Fire, blast or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitising agent is reduced.

H207 – Fire or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitising agent is reduced.

H208 – Fire hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitising agent is reduced.

H220 – Extremely flammable gas.

H221 – Flammable gas.

H222 – Extremely flammable aerosol.

H223 – Flammable aerosol.

H224 – Extremely flammable liquid and vapour.

H225 – Highly flammable liquid and vapour.

H226 – Flammable liquid and vapour.

H228 – Flammable solid.

H229 – Pressurised container: May burst if heated.

H230 – May react explosively even in the absence of air.

H231 – May react explosively even in the absence of air at elevated pressure and/or temperature.

H232 – May ignite spontaneously if exposed to air.

H240 – Heating may cause an explosion.

H241 – Heating may cause a fire or explosion.

H242 – Heating may cause a fire.

H250 – Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.

H251 – Self-heating: may catch fire.

H252 – Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire.

H260 – In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.

H261 – In contact with water releases flammable gases.

H270 – May cause or intensify fire; oxidiser.

H271 – May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidiser.

H272 – May intensify fire; oxidiser.

H280 – Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated.

H281 – Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury.

H290 – May be corrosive to metals.

H300 – Fatal if swallowed.

H301 – Toxic if swallowed.

H302 – Harmful if swallowed.

H304 – May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.

H310 – Fatal in contact with skin.

H311 – Toxic in contact with skin.

H312 – Harmful in contact with skin.

H314 – Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.

H315 – Causes skin irritation.

H317 – May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H318 – Causes serious eye damage.

H319 – Causes serious eye irritation.

H330 – Fatal if inhaled.

H331 – Toxic if inhaled.

H332 – Harmful if inhaled.

H334 – May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

H335 – May cause respiratory irritation.

H336 – May cause drowsiness or dizziness.

H340 – May cause genetic defects <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard >.

H341 – Suspected of causing genetic defects <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H350 – May cause cancer <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H350i – May cause cancer by inhalation.

H351 – Suspected of causing cancer <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H360 – May damage fertility or the unborn child <state specific effect if known > <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H360F – May damage fertility.

H360D – May damage the unborn child.

H360FD – May damage fertility. May damage the unborn child.

H360Fd – May damage fertility. Suspected of damaging the unborn child.

H360Df – May damage the unborn child. Suspected of damaging fertility.

H361 – Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child <state specific effect if known> <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H361f – Suspected of damaging fertility.

H361d – Suspected of damaging the unborn child.

H361fd – Suspected of damaging fertility. Suspected of damaging the unborn child.

H362 – May cause harm to breast-fed children.

H370 – Causes damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H371 – May cause damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H372 – Causes damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> through prolonged or repeated exposure <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H373 – May cause damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> through prolonged or repeated exposure <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.

H300 + H310 – Fatal if swallowed or in contact with skin.

H300 + H330 – Fatal if swallowed or if inhaled.

H310 + H330 – Fatal in contact with skin or if inhaled.

H300 + H310 + H330 – Fatal if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled.

H301 + H311 – Toxic if swallowed or in contact with skin.

H301 + H331 – Toxic if swallowed or if inhaled.

H311 + H331 – Toxic in contact with skin or if inhaled.

H301 + H311 + H331 – Toxic if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled.

H302 + H312 – Harmful if swallowed or in contact with skin.

H302 + H332 – Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled.

H312 + H332 – Harmful in contact with skin or if inhaled.

H302 + H312 + H332 – Harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled.

H400 – Very toxic to aquatic life.

H410 – Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

H411 – Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

H412 – Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

H413 – May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.

H420 – Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere.

 

EUH 014 – Reacts violently with water.

EUH 018 – In use may form flammable/explosive vapour- air mixture.

EUH 019 – May form explosive peroxides.

EUH 044 – Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.

EUH 029 – Contact with water liberates toxic gas.

EUH 031 – Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.

EUH 032 – Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.

EUH 066 – Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.

EUH 070 – Toxic by eye contact.

EUH 071 – Corrosive to the respiratory tract.

EUH 201/ 201A – Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children. Warning! Contains lead.

EUH 202 – Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children.

EUH 203 – Contains chromium (VI). May produce an allergic reaction.

EUH 204 – Contains isocyanates. May produce an allergic reaction.

EUH 205 – Contains epoxy constituents. May produce an allergic reaction.

EUH 206 – Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine).

EUH 207 – Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions.

EUH 208 – Contains <name of sensitising substance>. May produce an allergic reaction.

EUH 209/ 209A – Can become highly flammable in use. Can become flammable in use.

EUH 210 – Safety data sheet available on request.

EUH 211 – Warning! Hazardous respirable droplets may be formed when sprayed. Do not breathe spray or mist.

EUH 212 – Warning! Hazardous respirable dust may be formed when used. Do not breathe dust

EUH 401 – To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use.

 

Downloading the list of applicable hazard statements

 

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