P statements

Safety data sheet knowledge base – P-statements

Download: P statements

 

Hazard and Precautionary statements are codified using a unique alphanumerical code which consists of one letter and three numbers, as follows:

  • the letter “H” (for “hazard statement”) or “P” (for “precautionary statement”).     Please note that hazard statements carried through from DSD and DPD, but which are not included in the GHS are codified as “EUH”;
  • a digit designating the type of hazard, e.g. ”2” for physical hazards; and
  • two numbers corresponding to the sequential numbering of hazards such as   explosivity (codes from 200 to 210), flammability (codes from 220 to 230), etc.

Your labels should contain the relevant precautionary statements (CLP Article 22), which give advice on measures to prevent or minimise adverse effects to human health or the environment arising from the hazards of your substance or mixture. The complete set of precautionary statements relevant for each specific classification is set out in the tables indicating the label elements required for each hazard class in parts 2 to 5 of Annex I to CLP.

Precautionary statements should be selected in line with Article 28 and with Part 1 of Annex IV to CLP.  Any selection should also take into account the hazard statements used and the intended or identified use or uses of the substance or mixture.  Normally, not more than six precautionary statements should appear on the label, unless necessary to reflect the nature and the severity of the hazards.  In order to provide assistance with the selection of the most appropriate precautionary statements we will provide further guidance in the respective sections.

Part 2 of Annex IV to CLP lists the correct wording of the precautionary statements as they need to appear on your labels. On the label the hazard statements has to be indicated together with the precautionary statements in the same language.

 

Changes in P statements

Pursuant to Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/918 from 1 February 2018 certain P sentences changed and have to be mandatorily used as of with the wording given in the regulation (P sentences marked with red P numbers in the list below).

Substences and mixtures placed on the market before 1 February 2018 shall not be re-labelled and re-packaged before 1 February 2020 in accordance with this regulation.

Of course, the company that place the product on the market may decide to switch to the modified P sentences earlier.

To ensure consistency between the labelling and the safety data sheet, it is important to also update the safety data sheet when the labelling has been changed!

 

Full list of P statements

P101
If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102
Keep out of reach of children.
P103
Read label before use.
P201
Obtain special instructions before use.
P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210
Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
P211
Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
P221
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles…
P222
Do not allow contact with air.
P223
Do not allow contact with water.
P230
Keep wetted with…
P231
Handle under inert gas.
P232
Protect from moisture.
P233
Keep container tightly closed.
P234
Keep only in original container.
P235
Keep cool.
P240
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/ equipment.
P242
Use only non-sparking tools.
P243
Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P244
Keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease.
P250
Do not subject to grinding/shock/…/friction.
P251
Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/ spray.
P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/ spray.
P262
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P263
Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.
P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P272
Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273
Avoid release to the environment.
P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P282
Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
P283
Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.
P284
[In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.
P231 + P232
Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P235 + P410
Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.
P301
IF SWALLOWED:
P302
IF ON SKIN:
P303
IF ON SKIN (or hair):
P304
IF INHALED:
P305
IF IN EYES:
P306
IF ON CLOTHING:
P308
IF exposed or concerned:
P310
Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/ …
P311
Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P312
Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…/if you feel unwell.
P313
Get medical advice/attention.
P314
Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P315
Get immediate medical advice/attention.
P320
Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).
P321
Specific treatment (see … on this label).
P330
Rinse mouth.
P331
Do NOT induce vomiting.
P332
If skin irritation occurs:
P333
If skin irritation or rash occurs:
P334
Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P335
Brush off loose particles from skin.
P336
Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do no rub affected area.
P337
If eye irritation persists:
P338
Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P340
Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P342
If experiencing respiratory symptoms:
P351
Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
P352
Wash with plenty of water/…
P353
Rinse skin with water/shower.
P360
Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P361
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P362
Take off contaminated clothing.
P363
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P364
And wash it before reuse.
P370
In case of fire:
P371
In case of major fire and large quantities:
P372
Explosion risk in case of fire.
P373
DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
P374
Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.
P375
Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P376
Stop leak if safe to do so.
P377
Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P378
Use… to extinguish.
P380
Evacuate area.
P381
Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.
P390
Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P391
Collect spillage.
P301 + P310
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P301 + P312
IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/…/if you feel unwell.
P301 + P330 + P331
IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302 + P334
IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/…
P303 + P361 + P353
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower.
P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P306 + P360
IF ON CLOTHING: rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P308 + P311
IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.
P332 + P313
If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/ attention.
P333 + P313
If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P335 + P334
Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P337 + P313
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/ attention.
P342 + P311
If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P361 + P364
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P362 + P364
Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P370 + P376
In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.
P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use… to extinguish.
P370 + P380
In case of fire: Evacuate area.
P370 + P380 + P375
In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P371 + P380 + P375
In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P401
Store …
P402
Store in a dry place.
P403
Store in a well-ventilated place.
P404
Store in a closed container.
P405
Store locked up.
P406
Store in corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner.
P407
Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets.
P410
Protect from sunlight.
P411
Store at temperatures not exceeding … o C/ … o F.
P412
Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 o C/ 122 o F.
P413
Store bulk masses greater than … kg/… lbs at temperatures not exceeding … o C/… o F.
P420
Store away from other materials.
P422
Store contents under …
P402 + P404
Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410 + P403
Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P410 + P412
Protect from sunlight. Do no expose to temperatures exceeding 50 o C/ 122 o F.
P411 + P235
Store at temperatures not exceeding … o C/ … o F. Keep cool.
P501
Dispose of contents/container to …
P502
Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling

 

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