Safety data sheet knowledge base – P-statements
Hazard and Precautionary statements are codified using a unique alphanumerical code which consists of one letter and three numbers, as follows:
Your labels should contain the relevant precautionary statements (CLP Article 22), which give advice on measures to prevent or minimise adverse effects to human health or the environment arising from the hazards of your substance or mixture. The complete set of precautionary statements relevant for each specific classification is set out in the tables indicating the label elements required for each hazard class in parts 2 to 5 of Annex I to CLP.
Precautionary statements should be selected in line with Article 28 and with Part 1 of Annex IV to CLP. Any selection should also take into account the hazard statements used and the intended or identified use or uses of the substance or mixture. Normally, not more than six precautionary statements should appear on the label, unless necessary to reflect the nature and the severity of the hazards. In order to provide assistance with the selection of the most appropriate precautionary statements we will provide further guidance in the respective sections.
Part 2 of Annex IV to CLP lists the correct wording of the precautionary statements as they need to appear on your labels. On the label the hazard statements has to be indicated together with the precautionary statements in the same language.
Pursuant to Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/918 from 1 February 2018 certain P sentences changed and have to be mandatorily used as of with the wording given in the regulation (P sentences marked with red P numbers in the list below).
Substences and mixtures placed on the market before 1 February 2018 shall not be re-labelled and re-packaged before 1 February 2020 in accordance with this regulation.
Of course, the company that place the product on the market may decide to switch to the modified P sentences earlier.
To ensure consistency between the labelling and the safety data sheet, it is important to also update the safety data sheet when the labelling has been changed!
If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
Keep out of reach of children.
Read label before use.
Obtain special instructions before use.
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles…
Do not allow contact with air.
Do not allow contact with water.
Keep wetted with…
Handle under inert gas.
Protect from moisture.
Keep container tightly closed.
Keep only in original container.
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/ equipment.
Use only non-sparking tools.
Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
Keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease.
Do not subject to grinding/shock/…/friction.
Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/ spray.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/ spray.
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
Avoid release to the environment.
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.
[In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.
P231 + P232
Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P235 + P410
Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.
IF ON SKIN:
IF ON SKIN (or hair):
IF IN EYES:
IF ON CLOTHING:
IF exposed or concerned:
Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/ …
Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…/if you feel unwell.
Get medical advice/attention.
Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
Get immediate medical advice/attention.
Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).
Specific treatment (see … on this label).
Do NOT induce vomiting.
If skin irritation occurs:
If skin irritation or rash occurs:
Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
Brush off loose particles from skin.
Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do no rub affected area.
If eye irritation persists:
Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
If experiencing respiratory symptoms:
Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
Wash with plenty of water/…
Rinse skin with water/shower.
Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
Take off contaminated clothing.
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
And wash it before reuse.
In case of fire:
In case of major fire and large quantities:
Explosion risk in case of fire.
DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.
Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
Stop leak if safe to do so.
Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
Use… to extinguish.
Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.
Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P301 + P310
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P301 + P312
IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/…/if you feel unwell.
P301 + P330 + P331
IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302 + P334
IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/…
P303 + P361 + P353
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower.
P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P306 + P360
IF ON CLOTHING: rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P308 + P311
IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.
P332 + P313
If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/ attention.
P333 + P313
If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P335 + P334
Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P337 + P313
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/ attention.
P342 + P311
If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P361 + P364
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P362 + P364
Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P370 + P376
In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.
P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use… to extinguish.
P370 + P380
In case of fire: Evacuate area.
P370 + P380 + P375
In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P371 + P380 + P375
In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
Store in a dry place.
Store in a well-ventilated place.
Store in a closed container.
Store locked up.
Store in corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner.
Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets.
Protect from sunlight.
Store at temperatures not exceeding … o C/ … o F.
Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 o C/ 122 o F.
Store bulk masses greater than … kg/… lbs at temperatures not exceeding … o C/… o F.
Store away from other materials.
Store contents under …
P402 + P404
Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410 + P403
Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P410 + P412
Protect from sunlight. Do no expose to temperatures exceeding 50 o C/ 122 o F.
P411 + P235
Store at temperatures not exceeding … o C/ … o F. Keep cool.
Dispose of contents/container to …
Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling