Safety data sheet knowledge base – Precautionary statement
Hazard and Precautionary statements are codified using a unique alphanumerical code which consists of one letter and three numbers, as follows:
Your labels should contain the relevant precautionary statements (CLP Article 22), which give advice on measures to prevent or minimise adverse effects to human health or the environment arising from the hazards of your substance or mixture. The complete set of precautionary statements relevant for each specific classification is set out in the tables indicating the label elements required for each hazard class in parts 2 to 5 of Annex I to CLP.
Precautionary statements should be selected in line with Article 28 and with Part 1 of Annex IV to CLP. Any selection should also take into account the hazard statements used and the intended or identified use or uses of the substance or mixture. Normally, not more than six precautionary statements should appear on the label, unless necessary to reflect the nature and the severity of the hazards. In order to provide assistance with the selection of the most appropriate precautionary statements we will provide further guidance in the respective sections.
Part 2 of Annex IV to CLP lists the correct wording of the precautionary statements as they need to appear on your labels. On the label the hazard statements has to be indicated together with the precautionary statements in the same language.
The revised list of precautionary statements contains the new or modified statements, highlighted in red, that, according to the Commission Regulation (EU) No 2019/521, are applicable from 17 October 2020.
To ensure consistency between the labelling and the safety data sheet, it is important to also update the safety data sheet when the labelling has been changed!
In force from 17 October 2020
P101 – If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102 – Keep out of reach of children.
P103 – Read carefully and follow all instructions.
P201 – Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 – Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 – Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
P211 – Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P212 – Avoid heating under confinement or reduction of the desensitising agent.
P220 – Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials.
P222 – Do not allow contact with air.
P223 – Do not allow contact with water.
P230 – Keep wetted with…
P231 – Handle and store contents under inert gas/…
P232 – Protect from moisture.
P233 – Keep container tightly closed.
P234 – Keep only in original packaging.
P235 – Keep cool.
P240 – Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 – Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/…] equipment.
P242 – Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 – Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P244 – Keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease.
P250 – Do not subject to grinding/shock/friction/… .
P251 – Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260 – Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/ spray.
P261 – Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/ spray.
P262 – Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P263 – Avoid contact during pregnancy and while nursing.
P264 – Wash … thoroughly after handling.
P270 – Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 – Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P272 – Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 – Avoid release to the environment.
P280 – Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/hearing protection/…
P282 – Wear cold insulating gloves and either face shield or eye protection.
P283 – Wear fire resistant or flame retardant clothing.
P284 – [In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.
P231 + P232 – Handle and store contents under inert gas/…. Protect from moisture.
P301 – IF SWALLOWED:
P302 – IF ON SKIN:
P303 – IF ON SKIN (or hair):
P304 – IF INHALED:
P305 – IF IN EYES:
P306 – IF ON CLOTHING:
P308 – IF exposed or concerned:
P310 – Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/ …
P311 – Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P312 – Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…/if you feel unwell.
P313 – Get medical advice/attention.
P314 – Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P315 – Get immediate medical advice/attention.
P320 – Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).
P321 – Specific treatment (see … on this label).
P330 – Rinse mouth.
P331 – Do NOT induce vomiting.
P332 – If skin irritation occurs:
P333 – If skin irritation or rash occurs:
P334 – Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
P335 – Brush off loose particles from skin.
P336 – Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do no rub affected area.
P337 – If eye irritation persists:
P338 – Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P340 – Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P342 – If experiencing respiratory symptoms:
P351 – Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
P352 – Wash with plenty of water/…
P353 – Rinse skin with water [or shower].
P360 – Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P361 – Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P362 – Take off contaminated clothing.
P363 – Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P364 – And wash it before reuse.
P370 – In case of fire:
P371 – In case of major fire and large quantities:
P372 – Explosion risk.
P373 – DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
P375 – Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P376 – Stop leak if safe to do so.
P377 – Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P378 – Use… to extinguish.
P380 – Evacuate area.
P381 – In case of leakage, eliminate all ignition sources.
P390 – Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P391 – Collect spillage.
P301 + P310 – IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P301 + P312 – IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/… if you feel unwell.
P301 + P330 + P331 – IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302 + P334 – IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water or wrap in wet bandages.
P302 + P352 – IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/…
P303 + P361 + P353 – IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].
P304 + P340 – IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 – IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P306 + P360 – IF ON CLOTHING: rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P308 + P311 – IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P308 + P313 – IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.
P332 + P313 – If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P333 + P313 – If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 – If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/ attention.
P342 + P311 – If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…
P361 + P364 – Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P362 + P364 – Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P370 + P376 – In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.
P370 + P378 – In case of fire: Use… to extinguish.
P370 + P380 + P375 – In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P371 + P380 + P375 – In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P401 – Store in accordance with…
P402 – Store in a dry place.
P403 – Store in a well-ventilated place.
P404 – Store in a closed container.
P405 – Store locked up.
P406 – Store in corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner.
P407 – Maintain air gap between stacks or pallets.
P410 – Protect from sunlight.
P411 – Store at temperatures not exceeding … o C/ … o F.
P412 – Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 o C/ 122 o F.
P413 – Store bulk masses greater than … kg/… lbs at temperatures not exceeding … o C/… o F.
P420 – Store separately.
P402 + P404 – Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403 + P233 – Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 – Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410 + P403 – Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P410 + P412 – Protect from sunlight. Do no expose to temperatures exceeding 50 o C/ 122 o F.
P501 – Dispose of contents/container to …
P502 – Refer to manufacturer or supplier for information on recovery or recycling.
P503 – Refer to manufacturer/ supplier/… for information on disposal/recovery/ recycling