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R and S phrases


MSDS information


Hazard classification should be indicated with hazard signs and hazard symbols and/or R phrases as well as S phrases.

  • R phrase and R number: phrases indicating the risks of hazardous preparations and substances, and their numbers respectively.
  • S phrase and S number: phrases related to the safe handling of hazardous preparations, and their numbers respectively.


Risk Phrases (R) and Safety Phrases (S) also occur in combinations (combined R and S phrases).

R and S Phrases are separated with dashes or slashes which mean the following:

  • dash: R Phrases and S Phrases are formulated separately
  • slash : the possibility of formulating R Phrases or S Phrases in a single sentence (combined R or S Phrases)


It is a general rule that in case of preparations usually a maximum of 6 phrases are applied to inform about the risks; in this respect combined phrases are regarded as single phrases.

The sentences that are applied should inform about all significant hazards of the preparation, therefore in some cases more than 6 R Phrases may be necessary.

The R Phrases on the label as well as the method and aim of the preparation’s intended use should be taken into account in the final choice of S Phrases.

As a general rule, a maximum of 6 sentences are used to inform about the most necessary precautions; in this respect combined phrases are regarded as single phrases.

In some cases more than 6 S Phrases may be necessary.

 

R-phrases:

R1 - Explosive when dry.

R2 - Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of
ignition.

R3 - Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other
sources of ignition.

R4 - Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds.

R5 - Heating may cause an explosion.

R6 - Explosive with or without contact with air.

R7 - May cause fire.

R8 - Contact with combustible material may cause fire.

R9 - Explosive when mixed with combustible material.

R10 - Flammable.

R11 - Highly flammable.

R12 - Extremely flammable.

R14 - Reacts violently with water.

R15 - Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases.

R16 - Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances.

R17 - Spontaneously flammable in air.

R18 - In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.

R19 - May form explosive peroxides.

R20 - Harmful by inhalation.

R21 - Harmful in contact with skin.

R22 - Harmful if swallowed.

R23 - Toxic by inhalation.

R24 - Toxic in contact with skin.

R25 - Toxic if swallowed.

R26 - Very toxic by inhalation.

R27 - Very toxic in contact with skin.

R28  - Very toxic if swallowed.

R29 - Contact with water liberates toxic gas.

R30 - Can become highly flammable in use.

R31 - Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.

R32 - Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.

R33 - Danger of cumulative effects.

R34 - Causes burns.

R35 - Causes severe burns.

R36 - Irritating to eyes.

R37 - Irritating to respiratory system.

R38 - Irritating to skin.

R39 - Danger of very serious irreversible effects.

R40 - Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.

R41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.

R42 - May cause sensitization by inhalation.

R43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.

R44 - Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.

R45 - May cause cancer.

R46 - May cause heritable genetic damage.

R48 - Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure.

R49 - May cause cancer by inhalation.

R50 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms.

R51 - Toxic to aquatic organisms.

R52 - Harmful to aquatic organisms.

R53 - May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

R54 - Toxic to flora.

R55 - Toxic to fauna.

R56 - Toxic to soil organisms.

R57 - Toxic to bees.

R58 - May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment.

R59 - Dangerous for the ozone layer.

R60 - May impair fertility.

R61 - May cause harm to the unborn child.

R62 - Possible risk of impaired fertility.

R63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.

R64 - May cause harm to breastfed babies.

R65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.

R66 - Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.

R67 - Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.

R68 - Possible risk of irreversible effects.

R 14/15 - Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable
gases.

R 15/29 - Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gas.

R 20/21 - Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.

R 20/22 - Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.

R 21/22 - Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 20/21/22 - Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 23/24 - Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.

R 24/25 - Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 23/25 - Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.

R 23/24/25 - Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 26/27 - Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.

R 26/28 - Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.

R 26/27/28 - Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 27/28 - Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 36/37 - Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.

R 36/38 - Irritating to eyes and skin.

R 37/38 - Irritating to respiratory system and skin.

R 36/387/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.

R 39/23 - Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.

R 39/24 - Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with
skin.

R 39/25 - Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.

R 39/32/24 - Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
and in contact with skin.

R 39/23/25 - Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
and if swallowed.

R 39/24/25 - Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with
skin and if swallowed.

R 39/23/24/25 - Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation,
in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 39/26 - Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
inhalation.

R 39/26/27 - Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
inhalation and in contact with skin.

R 39/27 - Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact
with skin.

R 39/28 - Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.

R 39/26/28 - Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
inhalation and if swallowed.

R 39/27/28 - Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact
with skin and if swallowed.

R 39/26/27/28 - Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 68/20 - Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation.

R 68/21 - Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with
skin.

R 68/22 - Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed.

R 68/20/21 - Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
and in contact with skin.

R 68/20/22 - Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
and if swallowed.

R 68/21/22 - Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin
and if swallowed.

R 68/20/21/22 - Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation,
in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 42/43 - May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.

R 48/20 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure through inhalation.

R 48/21 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure in contact with skin.

R 48/22 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure if swallowed.

R 48/20/21 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.

R 48/20/22 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.

R 48/21/22 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 48/20/21/22 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 48/23 -  Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
through inhalation.

R 48/24 - Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
in contact with skin.

R 48/25 - Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
if swallowed.

R 48/23/24 - Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
through inhalation and in contact with skin.

R 48/23/25 - Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
through inhalation and if swallowed.

R 48/24/25 - Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 48/23/24/25 - Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse
effects in the aquatic environment.

R 51/53 - Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects
in the aquatic environment.

R 52/53 - Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse
effects in the aquatic environment.

 

S-phrases:

 

S 1 - Keep locked up

S 2 - Keep out of the reach of children

S 3  - Keep in a cool place

S 4 - Keep away from living quarters

S 5 - Keep contents under ... (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 6 - Keep under ... (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 7 - Keep container tightly closed

S 8 - Keep container dry

S 9 - Keep container in a well-ventilated place

S 12 - Do not keep the container sealed

S 13 - Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs

S 14 - Keep away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)

S 15 - Keep away from heat

S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition – No smoking

S 17 - Keep away from combustible material

S 18 - Handle and open container with care

S 20 - When using do not eat or drink

S 21 - When using do not smoke

S 22 - Do not breathe dust

S 23 - Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 24 - Avoid contact with skin

S 25 - Avoid contact with eyes

S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice

S 27 - Take off immediately all contaminated clothing

S 28 - After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 29 - Do not empty into drains

S 30 - Never add water to this product

S 33 - Take precautionary measures against static discharges

S 35 - This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way

S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing

S 37 - Wear suitable gloves

S 38 - In case of insufficient ventilation wear suitable respiratory equipment

S 39 - Wear eye/face protection

S 40 - To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material use ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 41 - In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes

S 42 - During fumigation/spraying wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 43 - In case of fire use ... (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk add: Never use water)

S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible)

S 46 - If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label

S 47 - Keep at temperature not exceeding ...°C (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 48 - Keep wetted with ... (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 49 - Keep only in the original container

S 50 - Do not mix with ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S 51 - Use only in well-ventilated areas

S 52 - Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas

S 53 - Avoid exposure – Obtain special instructions before use

S 56 - Dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste collection point

S 57 - Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination

S 59 - Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling

S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste

S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet

S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label

S 63 - In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest

S 64 - If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious)

S 1/2 - Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.

S 3/7 - Keep container tightly closed in a cool place.

S 3/9/14 - Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from … (incompatible
materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).

S 3/9/49 -  Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated
place.

S 3/9/14/49 - Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated
place away from … (incompatible materials to be indicated by the
manufacturer).

S 3/14 - Keep in a cool place away from … (incompatible materials to
be indicated by the manufacturer).

S 7/8 - Keep container tightly closed and dry.

S 7/9 - Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place.

S 7/47 - Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding
… oC (to be specified by the manufacturer).

S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.

S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

S 27/28 - After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated
clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of … (to be specified
by the manufacturer).

S 29/35 - Do not empty into drains; dispose of this material and its
container in a safe way.

S 29/56 - Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its
container at hazardous or special waste collection point.

S 36/37 - Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.

S 36/39 - Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection.

S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.

S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.

S 47/49 - Keep only in the original container at a temperature not exceeding
… oC (to be specified by the manufacturer).

 

 


Tags:  R phrasesS phrases


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