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CLP terms


GHS / CLP Information

 

Supplier:


Suppliers are manufacturers of substances, importers of substances or mixtures, downstream users, including formulators (manufacturers of mixtures) and re-importers, and distributors, including retailers, placing on the market  substances or mixtures.

 

CLP or CLP regulation:


CLP or CLP Regulation means Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures.

 

DPD:


DPD means the “Dangerous Preparations Directive (1999/45/EC)”.

 

DSD:


DSD means the “Dangerous Substances Directive” (67/548/EEC).

 

ADR:


ADR means the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road under framework Directive 94/55/EC, as amended.

 

Aerosols:


Aerosols means aerosol dispensers, any non-refillable receptacles made of metal,  glass or plastics and containing a gas compressed, liquefied or dissolved under  pressure, with or without a liquid, paste or powder, and fitted with a release device  allowing the contents to be ejected as solid or liquid particles in suspension in a gas,  as a foam, paste or powder or in a liquid state or in a gaseous state.

 

Alloys:


Alloy means a metallic material, homogeneous on a macroscopic scale, consisting of two or more elements so combined that they cannot be readily separated by mechanical means; alloys are considered to be mixtures for the purposes of CLP.

 

Article:


Article means an object which during production is given a special shape, surface or design which determines its function to a greater degree than does its chemical composition.

 

Aspiration:


Aspiration means the entry of a liquid or solid chemical substances or mixture into the trachea and lower respiratory system directly through the oral or nasal cavity, or indirectly from vomiting.

 

CMR:


CMR means a substance or mixture which is carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction.

 

Distributor:


Distributor means any natural or legal person established within the Community, including a retailer, who only stores and places on the market a substance, on its own or in a mixture, for third parties.

 

Downstream user:


Downstream user means any natural or legal person established within the Community, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who uses a substance, either on its own or in a mixture, in the course of his industrial or professional activities. A distributor or a consumer is not a downstream user. A re-importer,  exempted pursuant to Article 2(7)(c) REACH Regulation, shall be regarded as a  downstream user.

 

EINECS:


EINECS means “European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances”.

 

Hazard category:


Hazard category means the division of criteria within each hazard class, specifying hazard severity.

 

Hazard Class:


Hazard class means the nature of the physical, health or environmental hazard.

 

SVHC substance:


Substances of very high concern.

Note:

The list of such substances can be found in Annex XIV of REACH regulation. The list is continuously expanding, that is why it is necessary to follow the changes and be up-to-date.

 

Most important differences between DSD/DPD and CLP regarding the terms:


  • The previously used term “preparation” has been changed to the term “mixture”.
  • The hazard symbols (e.g. Xi, Xn, C, T, etc.) used for the communication of the hazards of the hazardous substances/preparations are not applied by CLP regulation, they have no substitutes.
  • Instead of hazard symbols hazard pictograms are applied.

 

Tags:  CLPterms


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